Science & Health http://apr.org en Want To Reduce Your Carbon Footprint? Choose Mackerel Over Shrimp http://apr.org/post/want-reduce-your-carbon-footprint-choose-mackerel-over-shrimp Small fatty fish like mackerel, herring, sardines and anchovies are high in <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/07/14/329529110/food-mood-connection-how-you-eat-can-amp-up-or-tamp-down-stress">omega-3s</a>, <a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=111509588">vitamin D</a> and low on the food chain.<p>Those shining attributes have earned them plenty of nods from doctors and environmentalists alike, as we've <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/07/14/329529110/food-mood-connection-how-you-eat-can-amp-up-or-tamp-down-stress">reported</a>. Tue, 29 Jul 2014 21:07:00 +0000 April Fulton 56712 at http://apr.org Want To Reduce Your Carbon Footprint? Choose Mackerel Over Shrimp The 30-Foot High Pile Of Bones That Could Be A DNA Treasure Trove http://apr.org/post/30-foot-high-pile-bones-could-be-dna-treasure-trove <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=The+30-Foot+High+Pile+Of+Bones+That+Could+Be+A+DNA+Treasure+Trove&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDAxMzc2NzY1MDEyOTc4NzE3NThmMjc5MA004)"/></div><p>Transcript <p>ARI SHAPIRO: From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Ari Shapiro.<p>AUDIE CORNISH, HOST: <p>And I'm Audie Cornish. A group of paleontologists is getting ready to retrieve a pile of bones. Tue, 29 Jul 2014 20:09:00 +0000 editor 56701 at http://apr.org Welcome To The Nuclear Command Bunker http://apr.org/post/welcome-nuclear-command-bunker The stretch of Interstate 80 between Cheyenne, Wyo., and Lincoln, Neb., is straight and flat. High plains stretch out on either side.<p>But scattered along this unremarkable road, the Air Force keeps some of its most powerful weapons — <a href="http://www.boeing.com/boeing/history/boeing/minuteman.page">Minuteman III nuclear missiles</a>.<p>Outsiders are rarely allowed to see the missiles up close. Tue, 29 Jul 2014 19:32:00 +0000 Geoff Brumfiel 56699 at http://apr.org Welcome To The Nuclear Command Bunker Widely Used Insecticides Are Leaching Into Midwest Rivers http://apr.org/post/widely-used-insecticides-are-leaching-midwest-rivers A class of insecticides called neonicotinoids, which are used on a lot of big corn and soybean fields, has been getting a pretty bad rap lately.<p>Researchers have implicated these chemicals, which are similar to nicotine, as a contributor to the alarming decline of bee colonies. That led the European Union to place a <a href="http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/04/29/179868454/europe-bans-pesticides-in-move-to-protect-honey-bees">moratorium</a> on their use, and environmentalists want the U.S. Tue, 29 Jul 2014 18:53:00 +0000 editor 56691 at http://apr.org Widely Used Insecticides Are Leaching Into Midwest Rivers Fist Bumps Pass Along Fewer Germs Than Handshakes http://apr.org/post/fist-bumps-pass-along-fewer-germs-handshakes A few weeks ago, we took a look at nonverbal greetings around the world. In Japan, they bow. Ethiopian men touch shoulders. Tue, 29 Jul 2014 18:19:00 +0000 editor 56692 at http://apr.org Fist Bumps Pass Along Fewer Germs Than Handshakes Some Local Animal Shelters Facing Problems http://apr.org/post/some-local-animal-shelters-facing-problems <p>Some of <font color="red">Alabama's</font> animal shelters are struggling because of funding problems.</p><p></p><p>The Montgomery Humane Society says it has run of out of dry food to give about 140 dogs housed there.</p><p>It's asking for donations to help feed the animals and says it will continue accepting animals.</p><p>The situation is also dire near the Florida line in Escambia County, where the animal shelter says it doesn't have enough money to operate and won't accept animals anymore.</p> Tue, 29 Jul 2014 11:40:33 +0000 Associated Press 56667 at http://apr.org Some Local Animal Shelters Facing Problems This Albino Redwood Tree Isn't Dead — But It Came Close http://apr.org/post/albino-redwood-tree-isnt-dead-it-came-close <div class="fullattribution">Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.<img src="http://www.google-analytics.com/__utm.gif?utmac=UA-5828686-4&utmdt=This+Albino+Redwood+Tree+Isn%27t+Dead+%E2%80%94+But+It+Came+Close&utme=8(APIKey)9(MDAxNzg0MDExMDEyMTYyMjc1MDE3NGVmMw004)"/></div><p> Mon, 28 Jul 2014 20:09:00 +0000 editor 56623 at http://apr.org To Stop Cheating, Nuclear Officers Ditch The Grades http://apr.org/post/stop-cheating-nuclear-officers-ditch-grades The young officers at <a href="http://www.warren.af.mil/">F.E. Warren Air Force Base</a> have an enormous job: to keep 150 nuclear-tipped missiles ready to launch at a moment's notice.<p>Understandably, they're expected to know exactly what they're doing.<p>Three times a month, they're tested on the weapons and the codes used to launch them. Anything less than 90 percent is a fail.<p>But until recently, even 90 percent wasn't really good enough. "I was told that if I got a 90 on a test, I was a D student — and I would be treated that way," says Lt. Mon, 28 Jul 2014 17:19:00 +0000 Geoff Brumfiel 56616 at http://apr.org To Stop Cheating, Nuclear Officers Ditch The Grades With Men's Y Chromosome, Size Really May Not Matter http://apr.org/post/mens-y-chromosome-size-really-may-not-matter Basic biology has it that girls are girls because they have two X chromosomes — the things inside cells that carry our genes. Boys are boys because they have one X and one Y. Recently, though, there's been a lot of debate in scientific circles about the fate of that Y chromosome — the genetic basis of maleness.<p>Very early in the evolution of the Y chromosome, explains <a href="http://wi.mit.edu/people/faculty/page">Dr. David Page</a>, a geneticist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, something pretty dramatic happened: The ancestral Y lost most of its genes. Mon, 28 Jul 2014 16:41:00 +0000 Rob Stein 56613 at http://apr.org With Men's Y Chromosome, Size Really May Not Matter Where The Birds Are Is Not Where You'd Think http://apr.org/post/where-birds-are-not-where-youd-think This is a trick question. Where would you expect to find the greatest variety of birds?<p>Downtown, in a city?<p>Or far, far from downtown — in the fields, forests, mountains, where people are scarce?<p>Or in the suburbs? Mon, 28 Jul 2014 16:19:00 +0000 Robert Krulwich 56614 at http://apr.org Where The Birds Are Is Not Where You'd Think How Protecting Wildlife Helps Stop Child Labor And Slavery http://apr.org/post/how-protecting-wildlife-helps-stop-child-labor-and-slavery When scientists talk about the destruction of rain forests or the acidification of oceans, we often hear about the tragic loss of plants and animals.<p>But ecologists at the University of California, Berkeley say there's also a human tragedy that frequently goes unnoticed: As fish and fauna are wiped out, more children around the world are forced to work, and more people are forced into indentured servitude, scientists <a href="http://www.sciencemag.org/content/345/6195/376.summary">wrote</a> Thursday in the journal <em>Science</em>.<p>"My students, postdocs and I spent a year stepping back an Mon, 28 Jul 2014 13:20:00 +0000 editor 56609 at http://apr.org How Protecting Wildlife Helps Stop Child Labor And Slavery Rust Devastates Guatemala's Prime Coffee Crop And Its Farmers http://apr.org/post/rust-devastates-guatemalas-prime-coffee-crop-and-its-farmers Outside the northern Guatemalan town of Olopa, near the Honduran border, farmer Edwin Fernando Diaz Viera stands in the middle of his tiny coffee field. He says it was his lifelong dream to own a farm here. The area is renowned for producing some of the world's richest arabica, the smooth-tasting beans beloved by specialty coffee brewers.<p>"My farm was beautiful; it was big," he says.<p>But then, a plant fungus called coffee rust, or <em>roya</em> in Spanish, hit his crop.<p>"Coffee rust appeared and wiped out everything," he says.<p>That was in 2012, and it was Diaz Viera's first crop. Mon, 28 Jul 2014 09:00:00 +0000 Carrie Kahn 56586 at http://apr.org Rust Devastates Guatemala's Prime Coffee Crop And Its Farmers Shifts In Habitat May Threaten Ruddy Shorebird's Survival http://apr.org/post/shifts-habitat-may-threaten-ruddy-shorebirds-survival An intrepid bird called the <a href="http://www.fws.gov/northeast/redknot/">red knot</a> migrates from the southern tip of South America to the Arctic and back every year. Mon, 28 Jul 2014 09:00:00 +0000 editor 56587 at http://apr.org Shifts In Habitat May Threaten Ruddy Shorebird's Survival Why We Think Ignorance Is Bliss, Even When It Hurts Our Health http://apr.org/post/why-we-think-ignorance-bliss-even-when-it-hurts-our-health Medical tests are rarely a pleasant experience, especially if you're worried that something could be seriously wrong. That's true even though we know that regular screenings and tests often help doctors catch issues early.<p>But of course, humans don't always behave rationally. Sometimes people will go to great lengths to avoid hearing bad news. Social scientists call this sort of behavior information aversion, or the ostrich effect (based on the old myth that ostriches bury their heads in the sand when they're scared). Mon, 28 Jul 2014 09:00:00 +0000 Shankar Vedantam 56588 at http://apr.org Why We Think Ignorance Is Bliss, Even When It Hurts Our Health UA Researchers Win Grant for Shrimp/Uranium Project http://apr.org/post/ua-researchers-win-grant-shrimpuranium-project <p>The U.S. Department of Energy is rewarding researchers at the University of Alabama with a $1.5 million grant for their work.&nbsp; It almost seems out of science fiction.&nbsp; They’re using shrimp in a way that could potentially one day power America’s homes and businesses.&nbsp; Robin Rogers is chair of chemistry at U.A. and the director of the university’s Center for Green Manufacturing.</p><p><strong>Robin Rogers:</strong> “We’re taking a polymer that’s in the shrimp shells, and we’re turning it into a material which can remove uranium from the ocean.”</p> Mon, 28 Jul 2014 05:13:34 +0000 Jeremy Loeb 56323 at http://apr.org UA Researchers Win Grant for Shrimp/Uranium Project